What’s behind the China-Taiwan divide?

China has entered the southwestern corner of Taiwan’s air defense identification zone. China, which claims Taiwan as its own territory, has conducted almost daily flights over the waters between the southern part of Taiwan and the Taiwan-controlled Pratas Islands in the South China Sea in recent months.

ABOUT:
  • China has claimed Taiwan through its “one China” policy since the Chinese civil war forced the defeated Kuomintang, or Nationalist, to flee to the island in 1949 and has vowed to bring it under Beijing’s rule, by force if necessary.
  • China put forward a formula, known as “one country, two systems”, under which Taiwan would be given significant autonomy if it accepted Chinese reunification. But this offer was rejected by Taiwan.
  • STAND OF INDIA: India and Taiwan do not have formal diplomatic ties; they have been cooperating in various fields.
  • India has refused to endorse the “One-China” policy since 2010.In return, China should also believe in a “One India” policy.