June 15, 2021

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Lalandar “Shatoot” Dam in Afghanistan

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Lalandar "Shatoot" Dam in Afghanistan

Lalandar "Shatoot" Dam in Afghanistan

CONTEXT:

  • Indian Prime Minister recently called for an immediate and comprehensive ceasefire in Afghanistan to end a spike in violence, as the two countries signed an agreement for building a dam to supply water to Kabul city.
  • The project, which costs nearly $ 300 million, is a part of the New Development Partnership between India and Afghanistan.

ABOUT:

  • Indian External affairs minister and his Afghan counterpart signed anMoU for building Lalandar or Shatoot dam, which will meet the drinking water needs of people in Kabul, provide irrigation water to nearby areas and rejuvenate irrigation and drainage networks.
  • Shahtoot dam is the second major dam being built by India in Afghanistan, after the Friendship Dam or Salma dam, inaugurated in June 2016.
  • India has completed more than 400 projects in all 34 provinces of Afghanistan, and its pledges totalling $3 billion make it largest donor in the region.

 

SIGNIFICANCE:

  • The MoU on the dam reflects “India’s strong and long-term commitment towards the socio-economic development of Afghanistan and the enduring partnership between our two countries”

 

STAND OF PAKISTAN:

  • Pakistan has in the past opposed plans to build the dam on a tributary of the Kabul river that flows into its Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, saying the project will reduce the flow of water.

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